I admit it, I am a Facebooker. I keep up on what all of my “friends” are doing and of course watch for updates from eMINTS about eMINTS news and blog posts. I must say I was surprised when I saw this status update and knew I had to share it here.
As I read this update, I instantly remembered back to a project a high school History teacher assigned to make a documentary. Who knew that 20+ years later my friend (and others who commented on his update) would not only remember the project of making the movie, but more importantly, what they learned from it. This struck me as just another reason to keep doing what eMINTS has been doing for years…promoting Constructivist teaching!
Last week Zac shared many reasons for using Inquiry and Problem-based Learning in the classroom in his post Room for the Basics. The documentary project reminded me that we might want to share a bit about “The Other PBL” – Project-based Learning.
Project-based Learning is another constructivist based, student-centered pedagogy. Wikipedia describes it as an
“instructional method that provides students with complex tasks based on challenging questions or problems that involve the students’ problem solving, decision making, investigative skills, and reflection that includes teacher facilitation, but not direction.”
PBL is focused around a central question (we call it an Essential Question) that engages and offers a central focus giving students a purpose for their learning. Teachers structure the guiding question around content and are continually assessing where students are in getting to deeper understandings about that content.
As in life, Project-based Learning activities are long term, learner focused, and interdisciplinary where students learn from addressing real-life experiences, issues, challenges, problems, etc. Students may be given the task to solve a problem or investigate an issue. Like Inquiry, students develop questions that guide their investigations, but in PBL those questions and answers lead them to create something new. Something new could be a tangible product, an idea, a new way of doing something, or even a performance all requiring both lower and higher-level thinking to complete the authentic task assigned.
Because teachers are facilitators and do not give students answers or solutions but guidance, PBL has been shown to improve students abilities to be responsible, self-directed, and critical thinkers; skills essential for moving on to higher educational settings. PBL provides the perfect opportunity for teachers to not only focus on teaching content but also habits of learning like self-direction, collaboration, time-management, organization, critical thinking, problem-solving, and creativity. Developing these skills in students is essential so that they transfer them on to future projects and then to life.
Common Craft has created a great video for The Buck Institute for Education that explains Project-based Learning.
So as you are planning an upcoming PBL experience for your students remember these key elements to include in your unit:
- focus around a guiding question (essential)
- frame the project in a real life context
- provide engaging topics for your target audience
- embed problem solving, decision making, critical thinking, and creativity
- require purposeful collaboration and independent learning opportunities
- provide a variety of resources, information, and tools (including technology)
What PBL units have you had success using with your students? What might your students say about the projects they are working on in your classroom 20 years from now?
*image used with permission from my Facebook friend.
Brooke Higgins is an instructional specialist with the eMINTS National Center who occasionally finds time to blog.